In order to stimulate the colony’s egg laying capacity and increase the production and gathering of nectar and pollen from plants, enough honey must be left in the hive to avoid starvation and prevent artificial feeding. The beekeeper must ensure that each frame has enough honey for the bees especially in spring. There are also other artificial means of feeding bees; these include feeding them with heavy or thick syrup to avoid starvation. Granulated dry sugar with a ratio of 1:1 to water can also be used as a food supplement. Granulated sugar is only consumed if there is not enough honey. Beekeepers must avoid overfilling a frame or let syrup drip over for this will persuade colonies to feed over the spilled frame and starve the bees on that frame by consuming all its honey and syrup.
Hard candy can also be used as an alternative for feeding bees, especially when egg production of the colony is concerned, but it practically takes more time to prepare and not advisable for beekeepers who have lots of hives. Hard candy must be melted and moulded dry to a paper or cardboard canvass and then slipped through the frames of the hives. The beekeeper must use lighter syrup with the water ratio of 2:1 to dry sugar in order to feed the bees continuously for colony growth. Beekeepers can use plastic bags that are zip-locked as a feeder, too. Plastic bags filled with feeds are positioned on the top of the frames, the bag’s middle top must be sliced in order to let the contained feed to slightly emerge, allowing the bees to feed and drink without drowning.