Guidelines and helpful tips in beekeeping (Disease prevention)

In order to prevent the occurrence of different diseases of bees, one should buy a set of new equipment and make sure that the equipment used should be brought to the Missouri Department of Agriculture to be thoroughly examined and inspected.

To prevent foulbrood disease, the beekeeper should apply Terramycin every spring and fall during the year. This should be done before the honey begins to flow. The Terramycin powder should be mixed carefully in powdered sugar and scattered evenly into the brood frames in the beehives. After that, the hive should be cleaned and dusted up to three times with week intervals. For a single hive, a beekeeper will have to mix a teaspoon of Terramycin, three level tablespoons of powdered sugar, and 25% of TM25. Extender patties can also be utilised, these contain three parts sugar, three level tablespoons of TM 25, and one part of vegetable shortening; this should be done once every spring and fall.

In order to control the Nosema disease that occurs mostly in adult bees, a beekeeper should apply Fumagillin or Fumadil “B” every spring and fall. When feeding the bees, the Fumagillin should be added to honey or sugar water. Available in 0.5 gram doses, this single dose is sufficient to generate five to six gallons of solution for a number of five bee colonies. However, the use of antibiotics during the season of honey production is strictly discouraged.