Pruning – Why, When, and How

Pruning is a process of removing some above-ground elements from a plant and is a significant maintenance system for evergreens. Evergreen plants could be classified into two wide categories: Narrow leaf evergreens, like pines, yews, and junipers; and Broadleaf evergreens, like rhododendrons and hollies.

Why prune, We prune to remove diseased, dead, and mechanically wounded wood, as well as to maintain the usual shape of a certain plant.

When to prune, The most appropriate time for a wide-ranging pruning is considered in early spring or late winter, the moment before expansion of plant resumes, although diseased and dead wood can be removed at any time of the year. Narrow leaf evergreens are best pruned in June and it is also essential to give quick-growing plants one or two supplementary light pruning sessions during the budding season.

How to Prune, Make sure you have the appropriate tools in pruning plants. The tools needed are hand pruner, hedge shears, curved pruning saw and lopping shears.

In pruning, most cuts in broadleaf and needled evergreens can be done at any side alongside the branch, but make sure not to excise too far from the older wood.

When pruning selectively, it is pleasing to hack the growth backwards to a point shoot. Certain evergreen varieties withstand heavy pruning. It is a characteristic that plants like the Japanese yew, evergreen privet, and box share in that they might be sheared in a way that involves the standardized elimination of recent growth for a plant conform with a specific shape. The manner and amount of pruning is dependent upon the variety of plant, location, as well as the specific preference of the owner.