Waste disposal is a critical problem all around the globe. The world generates more garbage as time goes on, and there is no room for its disposal. Irresponsible and ineffective disposal of waste brings negative effects not only to the environment, but also to public health. One solution for this waste problem, which every government applies, is the establishment of landfills which serve as its final destination.
Landfills are known as dump sites where waste materials are disposed of through waste burial. As the world’s oldest form of waste treatment, landfills are very common in many places. They are used for various purposes, such as for consolidation and transfer, temporary storage, and processing of waste matter. They may also refer to internal waste disposal areas used by producers. The proper construction of a landfill considers specific requirements: location, stability, capacity, protection of soil and water, nuisances, and costs. A modern sanitary landfill should not only meet state standards, but also include registration, monitoring facilities, and efficient compacting equipment.
However, various problems with the establishment of landfills are arising at the present time. Among them is the lack of space for landfills. Landfill establishment has also become more difficult, as the people do not want a landfill or recycling centre around their neighbourhood. Several landfills have also closed, and their cost continues to escalate. In view of this situation, the need for a better approach to waste disposal is increasing and calls for an immediate answer.