Steel Square: A Basic Carpentry Tool

The art of carpentry showcases the skills and creativity of a carpenter. Carpentry is a woodworking career that can be applied to everything from the construction of furniture to the building of timber houses. To achieve the desired design of a building, house, or furniture, proper carpentry knowledge and tools should be used.

Some of the basic commonly used tools include a hammer or nail gun, a circular power saw and sander, an electric drill, and the steel or framing square. A nail gun is ideally used if there’s a lot of nailing work to be done, rather than using an ordinary hammer. A circular power saw and sander quickly cuts and sands pieces of wood with less effort than if done by hand. An electric drill is used to drill holes and attach screws more efficiently and more comfortably than with a manual drill.

One of the lesser known tools is the steel or framing square, an L-shaped long-armed square that is used in casing, framing, and measuring angles in rafters and on stairs. The steel square’s wider arm is called the blade, which is two inches wide, while the narrower arm is called the tongue, and is only half an inch wide. The steel square can be made from aluminium so the tool is lightweight and rust resistant, hence the more generic term “framing square”. Framing squares have diagonal, board foot, and octagonal scales, depending on the kind of angle required. Modern framing squares have fractional equivalents and degree conversions for various pitches.